Janus Corner


Pharmacognosy Communications,,2017,7,2,104-105.
Published:May 2017
Type:The Janus Corner

Janus Corner


1School of Natural Sciences, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, AUSTRALIA.

2Environmental Futures Centre, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, AUSTRALIA.


Mitragyna speciosa Korth. (commonly known as kratom or ketum) is an evergreen tree in the coffee family (Rubiaceae). It is native to the Indochina and Malaysia botanical regions of Southeast Asia. It is indigenous to Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea and Thailand and is a part of the traditional pharmacopeias of all of the regions in which it occurs. It is used traditionally to relieve pain and fatigue, as well as cough and diarrhoea. Kratom has potent pain killing effects which begin within 5-10 min of consumption and last for up to 5 hours.1 A number of pharmacologically compounds have been identified in kratom leaves, including mitragynine, mitragynine pseudoindoxyl, mitraphylline, 7-hydroxymitragynine, paynantheine, speciogynine, rhynchophylline, raubasine and corynantheidine.2-6 Interestingly, whilst they have similar indications as the opoids for pain relief, kratom and the opoids have pharmacologically and biochemically distinct actions.7 Thus, kratom is also useful to aid in opoid withdrawal. Read More . . .


Cite This Article

Vancouver Style :: .E.Cock I. Janus Corner. Pharmacognosy Communications,. 2017;7(2):104-105.  (342.1 KB)
MLA Style: .E.Cock I. Janus Corner. Pharmacognosy Communications,. 2017;7(2):104-105.  (342.1 KB)
CSE Style: .E.Cock I. Janus Corner. Pharmacognosy Communications,. 2017;7(2):104-105.  (342.1 KB)
APA Style: .E.Cock I. Janus Corner. Pharmacognosy Communications,. 2017;7(2):104-105.  (342.1 KB)

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