Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine

groupview

Abstract
Pharmacognosy Communications,2015,5,1,46-51.
Published:12-2014
Type:Research Article

Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine

Kris Herawan Timotius1* , Adit Widodo Santoso1, and Ita Novita Sari1

1Faculty of Medicine, Krida Wacana Christian University (UKRIDA), Jakarta, Indonesia

Abstract:

Context: Pilis is a type of jamu (Indonesian herbal medicine) applied to the forehead to cure dizziness, hazy vision and eyestrain. At the moment, pilis can be obtained from large jamu factories, local jamu producers, and home-based producers. Information on the diversity of pilis quality from producers is needed to determine the most essential bioactive compounds in Pilis. Aims: This study was undertaken to compare the phytochemical compositions of several pilis oils produced by large jamu factories, local jamu producers, and home-based producers by GC-MS chemical analysis. Methods: Pilis oils were sourced from multiple local manufacturers. All oils were extracted with hexane by Soxhlet extraction. The crude extracts were analyzed by GC-MS. Results: The oil composition of various pilis samples was complex and diversed. Many constituents were identified. The oil constituents of pilis could be classified into essential oils, fatty acids, and other nonpolar compounds. Pilis from the large factory had the lowest essential oil content, whilst the pilis from home-based producer was the highest essensial oil content. Twenty three main essential oils were detected. The amount of fatty acids in the pilis sourced from large factories was the highest. The fresh made pilis from home-based producers had a smaller amount of fatty acids than others. The other nonpolar constituents detected in all pilis were dimethoxyphenyl butadiene (DMPBD), shogaol and amyrin. Conclusion: Fresh made pilis from home-based producers had a higher amount of essential oils and also had higher variation, but only a small amount of fatty acids compared to the pilis from large jamu factories as well as local jamu producers.

Cite This Article

Vancouver Style :: Timotius KHerawan, Santoso AWidodo, Sari INovita. Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2015;5(1):46-51.  (440.99 KB)
MLA Style: Timotius KHerawan, Santoso AWidodo, Sari INovita. Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2015;5(1):46-51.  (440.99 KB)
CSE Style: Timotius KHerawan, Santoso AWidodo, Sari INovita. Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2015;5(1):46-51.  (440.99 KB)
APA Style: Timotius KHerawan, Santoso AWidodo, Sari INovita. Oil Composition of Pilis: An Indonesian Forehead Topical Herbal Medicine. Pharmacognosy Communications. 2015;5(1):46-51.  (440.99 KB)

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs.

Pharmacognosy Communications [Phcog Commn.] is a new quarterly journal published by Phcog.Net. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the  publication of manuscripts. The submission of original contributions in all areas of pharmacognosy are welcome.

The journal aims to cater the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmacognosy and natural products and drug design covering but not limited to the following topics:

  • Pharmacognosy and pharmacognistic investigations
  • Research based ethnopharmacological evaluations
  • Biological evaluation of crude extracts, essential oils and pure isolates
  • Natural product discovery and evaluation
  • Mechanistic studies
  • Method and technique development and evaluation
  • Isolation, identification and structural elucidation of natural products
  • Synthesis and transformation studies

Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Pharmacognosy Communications and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month

Aim and Scope | Editorial Board | Indexed & Abstracted | Instruction to Authors | Manuscript Submission & Charges

Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Marine Pharmacognosy and Zoo Pharmacognosy
ISSN :2249-0159 (Print) ; 2249-0167 (Online) Frequency : Quarterly Rapid at a time publication (4 issues/year)

Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Phcog Commn. is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.