Pharmacognostic Standardization and HPTLC Fingerprinting of Prosopis cineraria; An Ayurveda Mentioned Plant

groupview

Abstract
Pharmacognosy Communications,2019,9,1,21-26.
Published:January 2019
Type:Original Article

Pharmacognostic Standardization and HPTLC Fingerprinting of Prosopis cineraria; An Ayurveda Mentioned Plant

Mayank Kulshreshtha*, Manjul Pratap Singh

School of Pharmacy, Babu Banarasi Das University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA.

Abstract:

Background: Prosopis cineraria (P. cineraria) is an important mythological plant, popular in several indigenous systems of medicine including ayurveda, sidda and unani. Traditionally this plant is used for various ailments including stress, anxiety, depression, epilepsy, asthma, hypertension etc. Object: In the present study, micro and macroscopic characters of fresh and dried leaves were analyzed and physiochemical parameters, quantitave microscopy and phytochemical screening were done by using WHO guidelines. Anti-oxidant activity has assessed using the DPPH method. HPTLC detection has been done to detect lupeol and urosolic acid and to quantify their relative levels. Result: Microscopy of the leaves showed the presence of various parameters including different type of trichomes, the presence of stomata, calcium oxalate crystals, veins and epidermis. Total ash value, water soluble ash, acid soluble ash, water soluble extract, alcohol soluble extract, loss on drying, swelling index and foaming index were found to be 3.1±0.55, 2.1±0.43, 0.6±0.01 38.0±0.15, 37.8±1.50, 12.8±0.22, 1.4±0.02 and less than 100 respectively. Phytochemical analysis of different extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, saponins, phenolic compounds etc. The IC50 values found to be 2.63 and 12.1for the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of P. cineraria respectively. HPTLC analysis showed the presence of both of the standards, the amount of lupeol was found to be 0.02% and 0.017% for each extract respectively. Conclusion: The data generated would be useful for the preparation of monograph of the plant as no such work reported yet.

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs.

Pharmacognosy Communications [Phcog Commn.] is a new quarterly journal published by Phcog.Net. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the  publication of manuscripts. The submission of original contributions in all areas of pharmacognosy are welcome.

The journal aims to cater the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmacognosy and natural products and drug design covering but not limited to the following topics:

  • Pharmacognosy and pharmacognistic investigations
  • Research based ethnopharmacological evaluations
  • Biological evaluation of crude extracts, essential oils and pure isolates
  • Natural product discovery and evaluation
  • Mechanistic studies
  • Method and technique development and evaluation
  • Isolation, identification and structural elucidation of natural products
  • Synthesis and transformation studies

Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Pharmacognosy Communications and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month

Aim and Scope | Editorial Board | Indexed & Abstracted | Instruction to Authors | Manuscript Submission & Charges

Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Marine Pharmacognosy and Zoo Pharmacognosy
ISSN :2249-0159 (Print) ; 2249-0167 (Online) Frequency : Quarterly Rapid at a time publication (4 issues/year)

Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Phcog Commn. is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.