Grevillea juncifolia Hook. and Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. Ex. R. Br. Methanolic Leaf and Flower Extracts Inhibit the Growth of Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

groupview

Abstract
Pharmacognosy Communications,2019,9,3,xx-xx.
Published:June 2019

Grevillea juncifolia Hook. and Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. Ex. R. Br. Methanolic Leaf and Flower Extracts Inhibit the Growth of Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

Ian Edwin Cock1,2,*

1School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. 2Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.

Abstract:

Introduction: The development of multi-antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria has necessitated the search for new effective antibacterial therapies. Several Grevillea spp. were used traditionally to treat pathogenic illness and are rich in phytocompounds with antibacterial activity. Despite this, the antibacterial activity of Australian Grevillea spp. extracts have not been extensively examined. Methods: The ability of G. juncifolia and G. robusta leaf and flower extracts to inhibit the growth of gram-negative and gram-positive bacterial species and some fungi was investigated by disc diffusion assays. The growth inhibitory activity was further quantified by MIC determination. Toxicity was determined using the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay. Results: The G. juncifolia and G. robusta extracts were good inhibitors of the growth of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria yet were completely ineffective against all fungal species tested. The leaf extracts generally had better antibacterial activity than the flower extracts. The G. juncifolia leaf extract was a particularly good inhibitor of A. faecalis, P. fluorescens, Y. entercolitica and B. subtilis growth, with MIC values of 62, 533, 736 and 682µg/mL respectively. The G. robusta leaf extract was a potent inhibitor of B. cereus and B. subtilis growth (145 and 83µg/mL respectively). That extract was also a good inhibitor of A. faecalis, P. fluorescens, S. salford, S. aureus and S. epidermidis growth, albeit with substantially higher MIC values. In contrast, none of the extracts inhibited fungal growth. All extracts were determined to be nontoxic in the Artemia franciscana nauplii bioassay, indicating their safety for the treatment of bacterial infections. Conclusion: The lack of toxicity of the G. juncifolia and G. robusta extracts and their growth inhibitory bioactivity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria indicate their potential in the development of new antibiotic chemotherapies.

Founded:  In 2004, as the PHCOG.NET – a non-profit private organization dedicated to Natural Products Research leading to develop promising drugs. Our main mission is to make information on herbal drug research readily available in different formats to suit the individual needs.

Pharmacognosy Communications [Phcog Commn.] is a new quarterly journal published by Phcog.Net. It is a peer reviewed journal aiming to publish high quality original research articles, methods, techniques and evaluation reports, critical reviews, short communications, commentaries and editorials of all aspects of medicinal plant research. The journal is aimed at a broad readership, publishing articles on all aspects of pharmacognosy, and related fields. The journal aims to increase understanding of pharmacognosy as well as to direct and foster further research through the dissemination of scientific information by the  publication of manuscripts. The submission of original contributions in all areas of pharmacognosy are welcome.

The journal aims to cater the latest outstanding developments in the field of pharmacognosy and natural products and drug design covering but not limited to the following topics:

  • Pharmacognosy and pharmacognistic investigations
  • Research based ethnopharmacological evaluations
  • Biological evaluation of crude extracts, essential oils and pure isolates
  • Natural product discovery and evaluation
  • Mechanistic studies
  • Method and technique development and evaluation
  • Isolation, identification and structural elucidation of natural products
  • Synthesis and transformation studies

Distinctions:  The most widely read, cited, and known Pharmacognosy Communications and website is well browsed with all the articles published. More than 20,000 readers in nearly every country in the world each month

Aim and Scope | Editorial Board | Indexed & Abstracted | Instruction to Authors | Manuscript Submission & Charges

Subjects Covered : Natural Products, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Marine Pharmacognosy and Zoo Pharmacognosy
ISSN :2249-0159 (Print) ; 2249-0167 (Online) Frequency : Quarterly Rapid at a time publication (4 issues/year)

Indexed and Abstracted in : Chemical Abstracts, Excerpta Medica / EMBASE, Google Scholar, CABI Full Text, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory, ProQuest, Journalseek & Genamics, PhcogBase, EBSCOHost, Academic Search Complete, Open J-Gate, SciACCESS.
Rapid publication: Average time from submission to first decision is 30 days and from acceptance to In Press online  publication is 45 days.
Open Access Journal: Phcog Commn. is an open access journal, which allows authors to fund their article to be open access from publication.