Nada M Mostafa, Omayma A Eldahshan and Abdel Nasser B Singab*
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Genus Jacaranda has been traditionally used in treating skin disorders, venereal diseases, leishmaniasis, colds and rheumatism. Additionally, some species have shown diuretic and astringent properties. Objective: This review highlights and updates the traditional uses, pharmacology and phytochemistry of the genus Jacaranda. Materials and Methods: Information was obtained from Google Scholar, Scirus, PubMed and ScienceDirect. Results: Phytochemical studies on Jacaranda species have shown the presence flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, phenylethanoids, sterols and triterpenes. Extracts of different Jacaranda species possess a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as antioxidant antidepressant, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-leishmanial, antiprotozoal, hypotensive and anti-hypertriglyceridemic activities. Conclusion: The genus Jacaranda is a natural source of antioxidants and has been widely used in traditional Ethnobotany. Thus, it could be exploited as a potential source for plant-based pharmaceutical products. The present review could form a sound basis for further investigation in the potential discovery of new natural bioactive compounds and could provide preliminary information for future research.
Keywords: Bignoniaceae, Genus Jacaranda, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry, Traditional uses.