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The Genus Jacaranda (Bignoniaceae):An Updated Review

Nada M Mostafa, Omayma A Eldahshan and Abdel Nasser B Singab*
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Pharmacognosy Communications,2014,4,3,31-39.
DOI:10.5530/pc.2014.3.3
Published:May 2014
Type:Review Article

ABSTRACT

Genus Jacaranda has been traditionally used in treating skin disorders, venereal diseases, leishmaniasis, colds and rheumatism. Additionally, some species have shown diuretic and astringent properties. Objective: This review highlights and updates the traditional uses, pharmacology and phytochemistry of the genus Jacaranda. Materials and Methods: Information was obtained from Google Scholar, Scirus, PubMed and ScienceDirect. Results: Phytochemical studies on Jacaranda species have shown the presence flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, phenylethanoids, sterols and triterpenes. Extracts of different Jacaranda species possess a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as antioxidant antidepressant, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-leishmanial, antiprotozoal, hypotensive and anti-hypertriglyceridemic activities. Conclusion: The genus Jacaranda is a natural source of antioxidants and has been widely used in traditional Ethnobotany. Thus, it could be exploited as a potential source for plant-based pharmaceutical products. The present review could form a sound basis for further investigation in the potential discovery of new natural bioactive compounds and could provide preliminary information for future research.

Keywords: Bignoniaceae, Genus Jacaranda, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry, Traditional uses.

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