Ian Edwin Cocka,b*
aEnvironmental Futures Research Institute, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia.
bSchool of Natural Sciences, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Rd, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia.
Published: October 2016
Type: Medical Plant Images
Rosemarinus officinalis L. (family Lamiaceae), commonly known as rosemary is a woody perennial herb with fragrant acicular leaves and white, pink or blue flowers. Rosemary is native to the Mediterranean region but has been widely naturalised globally. The leaves have culinary uses to flavour food.Rosemary also has a wide range of traditional therapeutic uses including as a stimulant (and as a calmative), for the treatment of nerve and digestive disorders, to relieve headache and pain, reduce blood pressure, and for the treatment of colic.1 Rosemary essential oils2 and extracts3 have been reported to have good antimicrobial activity against broad panels of bacteria and fungi.These studies have attributed the therapeutic properties of rosemary to a variety of polyphenolic compounds including betulinic acid, caffeic acid, camphor, carnosic acid and carnosol, rosmaric acid andursolic acid. However, rosemary should be used with caution in individuals with diabetes as it has been reported to increase blood glucose levels and may therefore exacerbate the condition.1 This photograph was taken in Brisbane, Australia in 2016 by Dr Ian Cock. Read more…