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Spear Thistle (Cirsium vulgare L.) and Ramsons (Allium ursinum L.), Impressive Health Benefits and High-Nutrient Medicinal Plants

Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian
Department of Agriculture, Crop Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou Street, Volos, GREECE.

Pharmacognosy Communications,2021,11,3,168-171.
DOI:10.5530/pc.2021.3.32
Published: August 2021
Type: Short Communication

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rapid recent growth in consumption of traditional medicinal plants and herbs has become an indispensable part of health management in many countries. Methods: An online databases search of literature was carried out at Science Direct, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Google Scholar by using the keywords common sage, traditional medicine, pharmaceutical benefits and natural products for articles published until April of 2021. The author considered all the scientific papers available in the form of full text and open access, in English language. Results: Spear thistle is usually found in arid and semi-arid regions, as well as pastures and nitrogenous soil. Spear thistle contains different kinds of minerals, silica, mucilages, tannins, and bioflavonoids. It has been considered as spice in some traditional cooking and is used as a vegetable or salad. A decoction of the plant has been utilized to treat bleeding piles, and a hot infusion of the whole plant has been utilized as a herbal steam for treating rheumatic joints. Ramsons produce sulfide compounds like garlic and onions with similar medicinal impacts including cardiovascular benefits, antimicrobial and antifungal properties, as well as being a tonic to the digestion, an immune booster. It is also good for the skin and an alternative treatment for blood pressure and platelet aggregation. Conclusion: Spear thistle and ramsons can promote good health and serve as a primary defense mechanism against diseases.

Key words: Spear thistle, Common thistle, Ramsons, Wild garlic, Traditional medicine, Health benefits.

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