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I.E. Cock1,2,*Editor-In-Chief1Centre for Planetary Health and food Security, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.2School of Natural Sciences, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.1 Dear Readers and Authors, I am pleased to bring you Volume 12, Issue 1 of Pharmacognosy Communications. In this issue, we present a review on the uses of mucilage for industrial processes. We also present new research reports examining the antimalarial properties and phytochemistry of Streptomyces hygroscopicus, the antibacterial activity of the southern African plant Harpagophytum procumbens (commonly known as Devil’s claw) against bacterial gastrointestinal pathogens, as well as bacteruial triggers our some autoimmune…

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Melinda Violita1, Ajeng Widyastuti1, Cahya Pandya Astami2, Rivo Yudhinata Brian Nugraha3, Uswatun Khasanah4,* 1Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, INDONESIA. 2Medical Education Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, INDONESIA. 3Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, INDONESIA. 4Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya Jl. Veteran, Malang, INDONESIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.2 ABSTRACT Background: Malaria has become a major global health disease among humans. Globally, an estimated 228 million cases of malaria occurred and resulted in 405,000 deaths in 2018. The treatment of Plasmodium falciparum malaria relies on derivatives of artemisinin (ART) as a core component of ART-based…

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María Paz Villegas Calero, Alejandro Esquivel Álvarez, Elías Quesada Morales, María Fernanda Rojas Salas, Marianela Chavarría-Rojas, German Madrigal Redondo* Instituto de Investigaciones Farmacéuticas (INIFAR), Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, COSTA RICA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.3 ABSTRACT Introduction: This bibliographic review gathers information regarding mucilages, their characteristics, extraction methods for various plant species, and their uses at a pharmaceutical level and for other industries. Methods: This bibliographic review compiles documents printed before December 2020, were searched using Elsevier and Google Scholar databases. Studies that examined mucilages that were not derived from plants were excluded from this review. Results: Mucilages have…

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Alysha Bromley1, Ian E Cock1,2,* 1School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. 2Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.4 ABSTRACT Background: Recent increases in the numbers of antibiotic resistant bacteria and corresponding decreases in antimicrobial discovery have focussed drug discovery efforts towards plant based medicines. Harpagophytum procumbens has been used in southern African traditional medicine for a variety of conditions including inflammation, and to treat bacterial infections. Despite this, investigations of the antibacterial activity of H. procumbens root extracts have been relatively neglected. Materials and Methods: The antimicrobial activity…

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Getmore Rumbudzai Chikowe1, Lindiwe Nomathemba Mpala1, I E Cock1,2,* 1Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. 2School of Environment and Science, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.5 ABSTRACT Introduction: The development of bacterial strains that are resistant to multiple antibiotics has made the discovery of new antibiotics a priority for medical research. Examination of plants for new antimicrobial agents is an attractive prospect and numerous recent studies have screened plants for antibacterial activity. Despite this, many plant species are yet to be tested for antibacterial activity. Lomandra hystrix Labill. is a perennial rhizomatus herb of the…

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Ian Cock1,2,* 1School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA. 2Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, Griffith University, Brisbane, AUSTRALIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.6 ABSTRACT Background: Engagement of students in the biosciences is essential to ensure a continued flow of quality medical, pharmaceutical and pharmacognosy researchers into the future. Methods: A suite of teaching modalities and philosophies were implemented into a first year university course aimed at engaging student interest in contemporary issues and current research in the biosciences and trialled over a period of 4 years. The curriculum was developed and adapted by incorporating strategies which resulted in positive outcomes…

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I E Cock1,2,* 1School of Environment and Science, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. 2Centre for Planetary Health and Food Security, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA.DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.7 ABSTRACT A recent study from a Pohang University, Korea group has reported that the hydroflavone gossypeptin, which is found in relative abundance in Hibiscus sabdariffa L., has therapeutic effects in a 5XFAD Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) mouse model.1 That mouse strain possesses human APP and PSEN1 transgenes, which are linked to familial AD and are known to enhance β-amyloid protein accumulation in brain cells. Mice treated with gossypeptin displayed…

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I E Cock1,2,* 1Environmental Futures Research Institute, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. 2School of Natural Sciences, Nathan Campus, Griffith University, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland, AUSTRALIA. DOI: 10.5530/pc.2022.1.8 Figure 1: Tasmannia lanceolata (Poir) A.C.Sm. (Family Winteraceae), commonly known as Tasmanian pepper or mountain pepper berry, is shrub which is endemic to the woodlands and cool temperate rainforests of Tasmania and the south-eastern region of the Australian mainland. The leaves, berries and bark of this plant have traditional uses as a food flavouring, and as a medicinal plant. Australian Aborigines used T. lanceolata as a therapeutic agent to treat stomach…

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Disclaimer: The following conference dates and details have been provided using currently available information. Due to the rapidly changing nature of the current COVID-19 pandemic and the changes that may become necessary to due to local regulations and/or to ensure safety, these conferences may change prior to their commencement date. All reasonable attempts have been made to check and ensure the validity of these details. However, potential delegates are recommended to check these details with the conference organisers closer to the commencement date. Furthermore, as different regions and countries have different travel restrictions and requirements, it is strongly recommended that…

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